Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical value of chest plain computed tomography (CT) for the initial diagnosis and dynamic changes of early novel coronavirus pneumonia (2019 novel Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV, referred to as new coronavirus pneumonia). Materials and methods: Fifty-two patients with confirmed new coronavirus pneumonia diagnoses and positive chest CT manifestations from November 12, 2022, to January 6, 2023, in the infection department of our hospital were collected. All patients had two chest thin-section CT examinations within 1 month from the onset of the disease and had complete clinical data. Patients were divided into two groups according to their age (60 years and >60 years), and the differences in CT performance characteristics between the two groups were compared. The CT review of all patients was also observed. Results: Among the 52 patients, 52 involved the lungs (100%), 24 involved the airways (46.2%), and 21 involved the bloodways (40.4%). Comparison between age groups showed statistically significant differences in lesion location (single/both lungs, airways), tree-in-bud pattern, large morphology, fibrous striae, interstitial changes, and pleural thickening. Among the 52 patients, review CT showed lesion progression in 18 cases (34.6%), which showed an increase in extent in 18 cases (100%), aggravation of solid changes in 7 (38.9), aggravation of GGO in 14 (77.8%), and increase in pleural effusion in 6 (33.3%); review CT showed lesion remission in 18 cases (34.6%), which showed a decrease in extent in 31 (91.2%), 6 (17.6%) with reduced density, 12 (35.3%) with fibrosis, 2 (5.9%) with complete resorption, and 4 (11.8) with reduced pleural effusion. Conclusion: The CT scan of the chest in neocoronary pneumonia has certain characteristics, and for the first time, it mostly showed multiple patchy signs or large patchy ground glass opacity (GGO) with mainly subpleural distribution in the periphery of both lungs, mostly accompanied by "halo sign," "anti-halo sign," and "paving stone sign." The lung is more susceptible to change following treatment. After treatment, the lung lesions change rapidly, with most patients showing absorption and shrinkage, density fading, or fibrosis and a few patients showing increased extent, solidity or aggravation of GGO, and pleural effusion. Chest plain CT helps clinicians in the early diagnosis and dynamic evaluation of neocoronary pneumonia.